The World simply cannot survive without coffee. Coffee is the most extraordinary of beverages, offering fine aroma and intense taste. India is a leading country in the world in terms of coffee production and stands 6th in the world after Brazil, Vietnam, Colombia, Indonesia, and Ethiopia. It ranks third in Asia and ranks first in South Asia.
The coffee grown in India is of one of the finest qualities in the world, which is grown in the shade. Coffee production is an important source of employment in India and more than 2.5 lakh coffee growers are present in India.
Coffee production in India is dominated in the hill regions of South Indian states, with the state of Karnataka accounting 71% followed by Kerala 21% and Tamil Nadu 5% and remaining from the other states include Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Assam and Tripura.
The two well-known species of coffee grown are the Arabica and Robusta. A major part of the coffee produced in India is exported to other countries, which is more than 70% of the total coffee produced in the country. Some of the countries to which coffee is exported are Italy, Germany, Turkey, Belgium, Russia, U.S.A. and Australia.
Top 6 Coffee Plantation Regions in India.
Chikmagalur, renowned as ‘Coffee Land’ of Karnataka, is the first place in India where coffee was introduced by a Muslim Saint, Baba Budan in 1670. Its geography and climate make it one of the largest coffee estates in Karnataka followed by Coorg and Hassan. The coffee is grown at an altitude between 2,000 and 3,500 feet, with the production of Arabica and Robusta coffee beans. The famous Mysore coffee is also produced in a coffee plantation of Chikmagalur.
Chikmagalur is a wonderful destination to visit with many tourist spots, from pilgrimage sites to coffee plantation and wildlife tourism destinations to adventure tourism. Hirekolale Lake, Baba Budangiri, Mulliyangiri, Ayyanakere Lake, Belavadi, Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary, Manikyadhara Falls, Amruthapura, Horanadu and Kemmanagundi are the important places to visit in Chikmagalur.Coffee plantation trails are also the part of Chikmagalur Tourism.
Besides Chikmagalur, Coorg is the largest coffee producing region in Karnataka with more than 50% share in the total coffee produced in the state and also has the highest yield in among all other districts.
Coorg is one of the popular hill stations in Karnataka and also one of the top places to experience Karnataka Tourism. Known for its coffee plantation, Coorg Tourism is bestowed with misty hills, splendid valleys, exotic wildlife and meandering rivers.The coffee plantation trails nearMadikeri is one of the popular things to do in Coorg.
Wayanad, also known as ‘Green Paradise’, is the largest producer of coffee in Kerala. Wayanad is one of the beautiful hill stations in Kerala located in the majestic Western Ghats. Often referred as the ‘Coffee County of Kerala’, Wayanad climate is best for the coffee cultivation.
Situated at an elevation of 700 m to 2100 m, Wayanad produces around 90 % of the state’s coffee. A major variety of coffee cultivated in this region is Robusta and Arabica. Malabar region is known for its beautiful hills, green valleys and cool climate which make its one of the best places to visit in Kerala. Monsoon coffee is a special delicacy of Malabar region.
Yercaud is a small scenic hill station located in Salem district of Tamil Nadu. It is situated in the Shevaroy Hills range in the Eastern Ghats at an altitude of 1515 m. Coffee plantation in Yercaud was introduced by David Cockburn, the then collector of Salem district in between 1820 and 1829, who was called the ‘Father of Yercaud’.
The first Indian Coffee planter to these hills was Mr. MSP Rajes, whose father started off by trading with the European planters. Later, his descendants continue to manage the plantations under the names MSP Plantations and MSP Coffee. Here, Coffee is the main crop grown along with Oranges, Pepper, Cardamom, Macadamia and Jackfruit.
Araku, Andhra Pradesh
Situated at an altitude of 911 m, Araku is a famous hill station in Andhra Pradesh. Coffee was introduced in 1898 by Mr. Brodi, a Britisher in Pamuleru valley of East Godavari district. Other coffee producers of Andhra Pradesh are Chintapalli, Paderu and Maredumilli in the Eastern Ghats of India. Araku coffee is of Arabica type and is grown at elevations ranging from 900 to 1100 m above sea level.
The first organic Coffee of India was produced in these plantations of Araku Valley by tribal groups. Coffee is grown under organic practices under shades of Mango, Jackfruit, Banana and silver oak trees. This Organic Coffee, branded under the name Araku Emerald, has gained popularity all over the world. Paderu and Araku coffee are high in demand in the U.K, U.S.A, and several parts of Europe.
Daringbadi, known as ‘Kashmir of Odisha’, is a popular hill station in Odisha. Situated at an altitude of 915 m, it is one of the youngest coffee plantation regions in India followed by Chintapalli, Himachal Pradesh and Assam. This beautiful region is blessed with dense pine jungles, long coffee gardens, majestic mountains and amazing valleys.
Koraput district in Odisha is another place known for the rich coffee plantations. The soil conservation and Forest department of Daringbadi maintain Coffee & Black Pepper plantations in Daringbadi.[ad_2]
Source by Rajashekhar Reddy Chappeta